Many different ESL methodologies can be identified as major contributors to the teaching pedagogies at work in the contemporary ESL classroom. Since the field of ESL is growing rapidly, new research is continually being published that refines older ideas and establishes new trends.
Depending on the demographic of your student population, different methodologies may apply. Adult students, for example, have been shown to benefit from different ESL methodologies than primary school students.
Some theories are widely respected and implemented, while others are considered to be fringe ideas that are embraced by a smaller number of educators. Some theories are so new that they are still being evaluated and analyzed for their effectiveness.
The following resources provide excellent information about some of the major ESL methodologies at work in classrooms around the world. Some of the resources favor certain methodologies over others. The landscape of teaching methods and pedagogies has always been highly controversial, and these resources certainly reflect that historical pattern.
English remains the common language used by people around the world for commerce and cultural interaction. As the world's economic systems and social orders become more and more intertwined, strong English language skills will continue to be of the utmost importance. For teachers of ESL and second language learners alike, it is essential to understand the major trends and philosophical ideas that influence and inform the ESL methodologies of today. They will lay the foundation for those that will come tomorrow.